بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
تَبَّتْ يَدَا أَبِي لَهَبٍ وَتَبَّ (1) مَا أَغْنَىٰ عَنْهُ مَالُهُ وَمَا كَسَبَ (2) سَيَصْلَىٰ نَارًا ذَاتَ لَهَبٍ (3) وَامْرَأَتُهُ حَمَّالَةَ الْحَطَبِ (4) فِي جِيدِهَا حَبْلٌ مِّن مَّسَدٍ (5)
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was subjected to abuse by his people in order to return from his call to Islam. These attempts increased him steadfastness, did not underestimate his ambitions, and remained patient in anticipation. Because he knows with certainty that a day will come when religion will be high and the word of God will rise.
The angels came to the Prophet repeatedly, asking him to choose if he wants them to destroy the infidels by applying the 2 mountains in Makkah on them, and he replied in the tongue of the tolerant Prophet, PBUH: May Allah make from their descendants people who worship him (Allah) and not to associate anyone with him. Indeed, this when many of the best Muslims came out of these Quarries Infidels families.
The Abuse of infidels to the Prophet peace be upon him
Abu Lahab (The father of flame) was one of those who participated in harming the Prophet peace be upon him and other Muslims. Abu Lahab is the uncle of the Prophet who was one of the most infidels on the Islamic call at that time.
Abu Lahab’s wife, Umm Jameel, was named Arwa bint Harb bin Umayya who was known for insulting the Prophet and Muslims. She even came out a day wanted to hurt the Prophet PBUH with knife, then she found Abu Bakr and asked him: Where is your companion who was said to be insulting (satirizing )me. She was referring to the Surat Al Masad that Allah mentioned Abu Lahab and his wife. God Almighty wanted to blind her vision of the Holy Prophet did not see him and went on her way.
The wife of Abu Lahab incited her two sons to a threshold and a pious on the parting of the Prophet’s daughters when the verses of Surat Al-Misd were revealed.
Her son Otabia insulted the Prophet Mohammed PBUH and made him hear what is no appropriate, then the Prophet PBUH made a dua’a on her son and said: “اللّهم سلّط عليه كلبًا من كلابك” “O Allah cast him with a dog of your dogs”. He went with his father to the Levant, then a lion attacked him when he was sleeping at night.This is response from Allah SWT to the dua’a of the Holy Prophet PBUH.
The Reason For The Revelation of Surat Al Masad
In one the days of the Islamic call, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) went out and went up to Safa to reach his people and his closest family. The Prophet had called in Quraysh until he met him. Most of Quraish big heads came to meet in response to his call, and those who couldn’t come, send representatives for them instead.
And when the crowd gathered in front of the Messenger of Allah spoke to them saying: “O people of Quraish, you see if I told you that there is an enemy will attack you daylight or at night, do you believe me?” , they said: yes, and you are not a lier. The Prophet PBUH said: “I am a warner for you in my hands a great torment”. Then Abu Lahab said, “Damn you all the day, that is why we have gathered”.
Then Allah SWT reveled Surat Al Masad in him and his wife:
(تَبَّتْ يَدَا أَبِي لَهَبٍ وتَب * ما أَغْنَى عَنْهُ مَالُهُ وَمَا كَسَبَ * سَيَصْلَى نَارًا ذَاتَ لَهَبٍ * وَامْرَأَتُهُ حَمَّالَةَ الْحَطَبِ * فِي جِيدِهَا حَبْلٌ مِنْ مَسَدٍ)
- (1) May the hands of Abu Lahab be ruined, and ruined is he.
- (2) His wealth will not avail him or that which he gained.
- (3) He will [enter to] burn in a Fire of [blazing] flame
- (4) And his wife [as well] – the carrier of firewood.
- (5) Around her neck is a rope of [twisted] fiber.
- Surat Al Masad